One odd thing about image 1 is that both initials and signature of JJP exists in the painting. Initials at 5 o'clock position of the clock. This, similar to Boston Globe in image 11 may be a mini rebus. Clock... time... chron + 5 or nickel + SF in the vine = SF Chronicle
A pocket watch supports my solve the most but after searching google images for a single bell alarm clock (and seeing the legs on the clock) I have to go with alarm clock. There are some close matches in google images.
My theory is that the clock is pointing to 6 referencing the month of June. One of the flowers associated with June is a rose which is on the table, and a gem associated with June is pearl which is her necklace.